Physical Therapy, also called physiotherapy, is the use of physical methods, such as heat, electrical stimuli, massage and most important of them all, exercise, in the treatment of diseases.
Major use of Physical Therapy is in the treatment of disabling disorders of muscles, bones and joints. Such disorders often result from stroke, injury or a disease of the muscles or nerves. Physical Therapy is also used in the treatment and rehabilitation of disorders like fractures, strains and sprains etc.
Physical therapy seeks to relieve pain and discomfort, to minimize the damage that may result from disease or injury and to help the temporarily or permanently disabled to cope with their disabilities. Through Physical Therapy, one may also learn to use different muscles to compensate the functions of the damaged muscles.
Physiotherapy is usually conducted by specially trained and qualified University graduates called Physical Therapists or Physiotherapists. This education and training is provided by Institutes of Schools of Physical Therapy affiliated to various Universities.
Uses of Physical Therapy :
Physical Therapy is helpful in treating many diseases and disabilities. It is often used in treating heart and lung diseases and various types of paralysis and muscle weaknesses such as strokes etc. It is also important in amputations, fractures and other injuries and Orthopaedic conditions. With the aid of physical therapy, some one with Paraplegia can be trained to walk again and lead a constructive life.
History of Physical Therapy :
Various forms of physical therapy have been used for centuries. In fact, physical therapy is as old as MAN himself.
In more recent times, Hakeem Ibn-e-Sina (979 – 1037), known in the west as Avicenna, recommended the treatments familiar to today’s physical therapist professionals i.e. Massage, Movements, Exercises and Warm Baths to promote rehabilitation from injury.
During the past century, physical therapy has made very rapid progress. Since the beginning of World War II, the techniques have been highly developed. Physical therapy and rehabilitation techniques are now widely used in returning disabled people to independent, often productive lives.
Role of Physical Agents in Physical Therapy :
Various physical agents like Heat, Cold, Sound, Hydrotherapy, Electrical Stimulation etc. can be used to reduce pain and discomfort in patients. The primary role of these agents is to prepare the muscles and joints of a body for EXERCISE.
Heat Therapy: It reduces pain, relieves joint stiffness, relaxes the muscles and improves circulation by causing vasodilation. Heat Therapy consists of Superficial Heating Agents which include Infra-red, Wax bath, Hot packs etc.
Deep Heating Agents include Microwave, Shortwave and Ultra-Sound therapies.
Cold Therapy :
In the shape of Ice Packs, reduces pain, swelling, inflammation and spasticity.
Includes Whirlpool and therapeutic pools.
TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) :
Relieves intractable pain.
One of the oldest methods of treatment, helpful in a variety of ways.
Assistive Devices :
Whole variety of assistive devices for back, upper and lower limbs are available.
Therapeutic Exercises :
Exercise helps to maintain and improve body function and posture. It increases muscle tone, strength and endurance. Some exercises can be done by the patient alone. For others, the patient might need the help of the therapist.
Mechanical Devices such as parallel bars, stationary bicycles, pulleys, weights and dumbbells are used. Self Help devices such as splints, braces, crutches and wheel chairs help disabled people perform daily activities. Physical therapists train people to use these devices and to develop confidence in accomplishing daily tasks.
Role of Physical Therapist in Today’s World :
In the world of today, there is an unprecedented rise in the number of accidents. Road accidents, terrorist activities, industrial accidents, agricultural accidents, crime and of course, everyday accidents at home, all contribute to the spiraling number of musculo-skeletal trauma in recent times.
The situation is made worse by multiple injuries, complicated fractures and many types of combination injuries and problems.
Naturally, there has been a great increase in the number of Orthopedic Surgeons and new developments in trauma management. Joint replacements, Arthroscopic surgery, methods of bone fixation, both internal and external are routinely practiced.
All these treatment methods aim at restoring the lost anatomy, but not the pre-injury functional status. A good fracture fixation may facilitate faster recovery but not complete recovery. This is where physical therapy and rehabilitation enter the picture. Improved fracture fixation and good rehabilitation programs are the twin pillars of successful treatment in trauma. The same applies to Backache, Frozen Shoulder, and Osteoarthritis etc. No one can deny that Orthopedics and Rehabilitation are inseparable. In fact, without good physical therapy and rehabilitation, the Orthopedic Surgeons’ job is only half done.
Careers in Physical Therapy :
Doctor of Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Medicine program of 5 years duration, now on offer at Baqai Medical University.
Physical Therapy Program (DPT) includes courses in Anatomy, Physiology, Orthopedics & Surgery, Clinical Medicine, Psychology, Sociology, Kinesiology, Medical Physics, Electrotherapy and Physical Therapy Treatment.
Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Physical Therapy & Rehabilitation Medicine has been approved by the Academic Council.
M.S.P.T. Master’s two years program is in the planning stage.
Career Opportunities :
Physical Therapists work in such places as Clinics, Hospitals, Schools for the Handicapped, Private Offices, Academic Institution, Home Health Service, Nursing Homes and Old People’s Homes.
Course of Study
First Year :
- Anatomy – I
- Physiology – I
- Kinesiology – I
- Pak-Studies / Islamiat / Moral Philosophy.
- Computer Literacy/Professional Communications.
- Medical Physics
Second Year :
- Anatomy – II
- Physiology – II
- Kinesiology – II / Biomechanics
- Electrotherapy – I
- Physical Therapy Treatment – I
- Sociology/Life Span & Human Growth
Third Year :
- Physical Therapy Treatment – II & Fundamentals of Rehabilitation
- Community Medicine
- Medicine – I
- Electrotherapy – II
- Surgery – I & Orthopaedics – I
- Imaging for Physical Therapists
Fourth Year :
- Physical Therapy Treatment – III
- Research Methodology – I
- Medicine – II
- Surgery – II & Orthopaedics – II
- Occupational Health
- Ethics & Professional Issues
Final Year :
- Exercise Physiology/Sports Medicine
- Orthopaedic Rehabilitation/Amputations/Prosthetics/Orthotics
- Research Methodology (Seminars)
- Health Services & Hospital Management Role of Physical Therapy
- Clinical Affiliation & Professional Practice
- Research Reports & Desertation
The course of DPT shall comprise of 5 academic year (full time) and one-year clinical internship, which is subject to availability of the clinical placements and the academic merits of the students. The entry requirement for this course is intermediate pre-medical or equivalent with 55% marks.
Free of cost Physical Therapy services at OPD BIPTRM.
Facilities as provided by the Baqai Medical Universit.
Faculty List Of Department of Physical Therapy - DPT
Important Events :
|Day One Function|| ||January|
|World Physical Therapy Day|| ||8th September|
|Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi|| ||12th Rabi-ul-Awwal|
|Independence Day|| ||14th August|
|Annual Function|| ||Last week of October|
|Mela / Innovative Competition|| ||2nd week of November|
|Convocation / University Symposium|| ||Mid December|
|Inter Class Debate Competition|| ||Last week of March|
|Bait Baazi Competition|| ||2nd week of April|
|Talent Show|| ||Last week of July